:Mahalaya and Durga Puja

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Durga Puja

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Durga Puja, conventionally, in the ancient times, was held during spring. Known as Basanti Puja today, it has lost much of its glamour and gaiety to the autumnal Durga Puja, known since the time of Ramayana as Akal Bodhan, an untimely invocation of Goddes Durga, Durgatinashini.

ImageIt is celebrated every year in the Hindu month of Ashwin (September-October) and commemorates Rama’s invocation of the goddess before going to war with the demon king Ravana. Lord Rama invoked the Goddess to seek blessings from Mahisasurmardini, the slayer of the buffalo-demon, and worshipped the deity with his offering of 108 blue lotuses and lighting of 108 lamps.

Mahalaya marks the day of Devi Durga’s descent to the earth. It is the first day of the ten-day long festivities of fast, feast and worship that ends on the tenth day, called Vijaya Dashami, when the Goddess is bid adieu and the idol immersed in the river. This period, of fifteen days, continuing till Lakshmi Puja, the Goddess of Wealth being worshipped on the Full Moon day, is known as Devi Paksha.Mahalaya falls on Amavasya, the autumnal New Moon day, the last day of Pitru Paksha, the fortnight of the departed souls of the ancestors. According to Hindu mythology, the souls of three preceding generations of one’s ancestor reside in Pitru–loka, a realm between heaven and earth. This realm is governed by Yama, the god of death, who takes the soul of a dying man from earth to Pitru–loka. When a person of the next generation dies, the first generation shifts to heaven and unites with God, so Shraddha offerings are not given. Thus, only the three generations in Pitru–loka are given Shraddha rites, in which Yama plays a significant role. According to the sacred Hindu scriptures, at the beginning of Pitru Paksha, the sun enters the zodiac sign of Virgo (Kanya). Coinciding with this moment, it is believed that the spirits leave Pitru–loka and reside in their descendants’ homes for a month until the sun enters the next zodiac—Scorpio (Vrichchhika)—and there is a full moon. Hindus are expected to propitiate the ancestors in the first half, during the dark fortnight.

ImageWhen the legendary donor Karna died in the epic Mahabharata war, his soul transcended to heaven, where he was offered gold and jewels as food. However, Karna needed real food to eat and asked Indra, the lord of heaven, the reason for serving gold as food. Indra told Karna that he had donated gold all his life, but had never donated food to his ancestors in Shraddha. Karna said that since he was unaware of his ancestors, he never donated anything in their memory. To make amends, Karna was permitted to return to earth for a 15–day period, so that he could perform Shraddha and donate food and water in their memory. This period is now known as Pitru Paksha. In some legends, Yama replaces Indra.

Pitru Paksha is considered by Hindus to be inauspicious, given the death rites performed during the ceremony, known as Shraddha or tarpan. In southern and western India, it falls in the Hindu lunar month of Bhadrapada (September–October), beginning with the full moon day (Purnima) that occurs immediately after the Ganesh festival and ending with the new moon day known as Sarvapitri amavasya, Mahalaya amavasya or simply Mahalaya. In North India and Nepal, this period corresponds to the dark fortnight of the month Ashwin, instead of Bhadrapada.

 

(acknowledgement: Google for details of Pitrupaksha) via Madhumita Ghosh

:unite! .d New Cycle is startin’

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:earth'o12

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:I don’t know why but I just think that this is d proper first post for d start of this 2o12 on this blog. I had d idea to share this two videos since last night, few hours after d big change but I was thinking is silly to share things without explaining them [d reason why I didn’t post them earlier in d day] but anyway I think u’ll find d parallel that I see here, d messages that are mixing between.

But really if u watch them u’ll understand what I would write about and why, it’s era where d telepathy is growing, d common observations & understandings are attracting each other more then  ever.

Bless, bliss & light dear visitors, readers of my world.. happy New Cycle!

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:if u have more time (it’s Sunday, 1st of January) and u haven’t read this speech till now, enjoy d reading, it’s d one of those that slowly change d modern history in a better way 😉

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The Great Dictator's Speech _Charlie Chaplin

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I’m sorry, but I don’t want to be an emperor. That’s not my business. I don’t want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone – if possible – Jew, Gentile – black man – white. We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each other’s happiness – not by each other’s misery. We don’t want to hate and despise one another. In this world there is room for everyone. And the good earth is rich and can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful, but we have lost the way.

Greed has poisoned men’s souls, has barricaded the world with hate, has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed. We have developed speed, but we have shut ourselves in. Machinery that gives abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us cynical. Our cleverness, hard and unkind. We think too much and feel too little. More than machinery we need humanity. More than cleverness we need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be violent and all will be lost….
The aeroplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in men – cries out for universal brotherhood – for the unity of us all. Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world – millions of despairing men, women, and little children – victims of a system that makes men torture and imprison innocent people.

To those who can hear me, I say – do not despair. The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed – the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress. The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people. And so long as men die, liberty will never perish. …..

Soldiers! don’t give yourselves to brutes – men who despise you – enslave you – who regiment your lives – tell you what to do – what to think and what to feel! Who drill you – diet you – treat you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder. Don’t give yourselves to these unnatural men – machine men with machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines! You are not cattle! You are men! You have the love of humanity in your hearts! You don’t hate! Only the unloved hate – the unloved and the unnatural! Soldiers! Don’t fight for slavery! Fight for liberty!

In the 17th Chapter of St Luke it is written: “the Kingdom of God is within man” – not one man nor a group of men, but in all men! In you! You, the people have the power – the power to create machines. The power to create happiness! You, the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure.

Then – in the name of democracy – let us use that power – let us all unite. Let us fight for a new world – a decent world that will give men a chance to work – that will give youth a future and old age a security. By the promise of these things, brutes have risen to power. But they lie! They do not fulfill that promise. They never will!

Dictators free themselves but they enslave the people! Now let us fight to fulfill that promise! Let us fight to free the world – to do away with national barriers – to do away with greed, with hate and intolerance. Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science and progress will lead to all men’s happiness. Soldiers! in the name of democracy, let us all unite!

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:if u have something to tell about d post or some positive message for d New Year ur comments will be appreciated 🙂
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#cinema – tell me about it! [December 28]

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:as u can read in my small bio here I already mention that I’m pretty much interested in film and cinema and have d small experience behind with few docs & experimental movies. my projects also as projects of bigger film directors then me as part of d team. seven years already I’m part of d Tiberiopolian FILM Alliance – Institute for Shorts & Docs [btw the call is open u can sent ur movies] and have been visiting film festivals and projection that are for respect in every way.

but, why do I write this post today, even u can be a film maker if u start using ur mobile camera, really there are festival for mobile movies.. but d point is that, Today is d International Day of Cinema, yes December, 28.

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“Film as dream, film as music. No art passes our conscience in the way film does, and goes directly to our feelings, deep down into the dark rooms of our souls.” – Ingmar Bergman

Cinema! Can you imagine your life without movies? In March, 1895 the brothers Lumiere presented Cinematograph – a new device for showing films and got a patent for it. But the first open display happened on December 28 of the same year and this date is considered as the birthday of the cinema. This remarkable event was held in the Parisian cafe in Parkway Kaputsinov, where Lumieres presented the first short-footage movie “Arrival of a train on station La Sota” to the general public (not for free, it was the first film shown to people for money). This performance caused panic – spectators were frightened, that a train will crush them. The entrance fee to the historic film screening was 1 franc. 35 tickets were reportedly purchased. Each film was 17 meters long, which, when hand cranked through a projector, ran approximately 50 seconds. From that moment, regular film screenings began, accompanied by a piano or a saxophone. The motion pictures were sometimes also accompanied by text below the images. Modern technologies increased the quality of the films and different effects much.

“This is the best thing we can do. And we are proud of it”, said the Lumiиre brothers of their invention.

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regular old cinema photo from internet

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.sometimes we just need to celebrate d things from d past how we’ll open space for new celebrations.. for new project, movies, festivals. In Macedonia d cinema history start with Manaki Brothers, primary artist that start d experience with photography in that time, but beside the work in their photo-studio and shooting with their photo and film Camera 300, the Manaki brothers were also showing films. The first film in their new Cinema “Manaki” under open sky in “Wide Street” was held in 1921. The “Cinema Garden” was a temporary solution that did not satisfy the brothers. They later built a Cinema House and the first projection there, was on the first of December 1923. The Cinema worked with variable success. It changed owners, but in 1939 burnt to ashes…
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On December 28, 1885, the Lumière brothers, Auguste and Louis, presented their ten short documentaries/actualities, less than a minute long each, for the public consideration for the first time. Since then much has changed. Cinema stopped being silent. Filmmakers started creating colored pictures. Actors became recognizable and admired. Nickelodeons transformed into picture palaces.
In 1985, the audience paid for such kind of entertainment for the very first time. In 1927, the world saw (and listened to) the first talkie ‘The Jazz Singer’ by Michael Curtiz. The same year the first Academy Awards honored ‘Wings’ with the title of the Best Picture. In 1928, Walt Disney created Mickey Mouse. Concerning the Oscars, 1935 was marked by Frank Capra’s ‘It Happened One Night’ being first to win the grand slam. In 1975, Steven Spielberg directed the so-called first blockbuster ‘Jaws’. In 1995, Pixar and Walt Disney Pictures made the first completely computer-generated full-length feature film ‘Toy Story’. In 2009, Jim Cameron gave us a ticket to wonderful Pandora in incredible quality 3D, and Kathryn Bigelow proved that women can also be great directors.
So many dates and turning points are omitted here, but what is more important is what cinema has done for us: it influenced and inspired us, it brought us together, it made us think. Although many people believe it’s just an industry to mop up money, the silver screen remains one of the most beautiful, versatile and unbelievable arts.
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.I know that you share my passion for it, that’s why ~
:Happy International Day of Cinema!
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